Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819. The word Alabama means “tribal town” in the Creek Indian language. People from Alabama are called Alabamians.
On January 28, 1846, Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama. On January 11, 1861, Alabama was the fourth state to secede from the Union and join the Confederate States of America, leading into the American Civil War.
In 1886, the world’s first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery, Alabama. This has been disputed by a few historians due to the existence of a few “variations” of the technology a few years earlier in other parts of the world.
In 1902, Dr. Leonidas Hill performed the first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere, by suturing a stab wound in a young boy’s heart. The surgery occurred in Montgomery, Alabama.
Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon.
Famous People & Well-known Events Associated With Alabama
During the Battle of Mobile Bay in 1864, Admiral David Farragut issued his famous command, “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead.” The event occurred on August 5, 1864 during the Civil War in Alabama.
In 1902, Tallulah Bankhead was born in Huntsville, Alabama. She entertained as a star of stage, screen, and radio during the 1930s-1950s.
Boxer Joe Louis was born in Lexington, Alabama in 1914. He became the World Heavyweight Champion in 1937, and was nicknamed the “Brown Bomber”.
Singer and entertainer Nat King Cole was born in Montgomery, Alabama in 1919. He was famous and adored around the world, becoming known as the “man with the velvet voice”.
Two Baseball player legends were born in Alabama – Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron and Willie Mays.
Other Alabama Facts
Alabama’s population was 4,833,722 (as of 2013), making it the 23rd most populous state in the United States.
The highest point in Alabama is Cheaha Mountain at 2407 feet, (734 m) above sea level. (pictured above)
The state bird is the Yellowhammer, and the state tree is the Southern Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris).
Alabama is bordered by four states (Tennessee, Georgia, Florida and Mississppi) and the Gulf of Mexico.